The Ati-thesis , Marxism

"By that definition, a state capitalist country is one where the government controls the economy and essentially acts like a single huge corporation, extracting the surplus value from the workforce in order to invest it in further production.[3] Friedrich Engels, in Socialism: Utopian and Scientific, argues that state capitalism would be the final stage of capitalism consisting of ownership and management of large-scale production and communication by the bourgeois state.[4]"

Quoted from Wikepedia

Saturday, August 17, 2019

Why All Towns in Maine Need a Town Charter NOW!

"oppressant" by Pierre Metivier is licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0 

RE: Commentary on Ordinances,

According to Maine law. the only power that the inhabitants of a municipality are granted pursuant to the development of the municipality is that "they shall have a voice", which means public hearings or that one can submit comments to the municipality; but it stops there, as you shall learn by reading on.

In the course of exploring the statutes and ordinances, I came across a section which said written comments would become part of the record. This is a slightly expanded upon version of what I submitted for the record:

Inhabitants of the Municipality given a voice but excluded from power 

Title 30-A:Part 2:Subpart 6-AChapter 187 §4324 of the Maine Revised Statutes2. Planning committee. 
 If a municipality or multimunicipal region chooses to prepare a growth management program, the municipal officers of a municipality or combination of municipalities shall designate and establish a planning committee, which may include one or more municipal officials.
B. The planning committee may develop and maintain a comprehensive plan and may develop any portion of an implementation program”. (emphasis mine)
Subpart 6, Part B: 1
In performing these duties, the planning committee shall:  
(1) Hold public hearings and use other methods to solicit and strongly encourage citizen input  
3. Citizen participation.  In order to encourage citizen participation in the development of a growth management program, municipalities or multimunicipal regions may adopt growth management programs only after soliciting and considering a broad range of public review and comment. The intent of this subsection is to provide for the broad dissemination of proposals and alternatives, opportunity for written comments, open discussions, information dissemination and consideration of and response to public comments. (emphasis mine)
6. Comments sent to municipality.
[ 1991, c. 622, Pt. F, §25 (RP) .] 

Despite provisions for public input, including public hearing, there is no provision for a municipal referendum.

 All decisions are made by the planning committee which may be a regional organization, while special Interests outside the municipality are authorized to write the comprehensive plan for a municipality.

 The discretionary term “may” permits a municipal selectperson to serve on the municipal planning committee, but it is not a requirement that the planning board include anyone who is a resident of the municipality, elected or otherwise.

 The Town Report identifies that the Planning board is governed by State regulations: The Town shall maintain a Planning Board in accordance with the Provisions of State Law and The Town of Boothbay Administrative Code. {Administrative Code, 30-A § 4324(2) and DEP § 16 A(3)} 

The state regulations claim that the citizens of each municipality will be encouraged to have the “widest possible involvement” short of having a say in or knowledge of who is on the municipal planning committee or allowed to any vote on the growth plans of the municipality- short of that, the inhabitants of the municipality are granted “the widest possible involvement”

 G. Encourage the widest possible involvement by the citizens of each municipality in all aspects of the planning and implementation process, in order to ensure that the plans developed by municipalities have had the benefit of citizen input; and [2001, c. 578, §7 (AMD).]”

 Historical Background 

The Home Rule Amendment became part of the Maine Constitution in 1969, by a constitutional process.
Maine Constitution 
 Article VIII.Part Second.Municipal Home Rule.
 Section 1.Power of municipalities to amend their charters. The inhabitants of any municipality shall have the power to alter and amend their charters on all matters, not prohibited by Constitution or general law, which are local and municipal in character. The Legislature shall prescribe the procedure by which the municipality may so act.
Section 2. Construction of buildings for industrial use. For the purposes of fostering, encouraging and assisting the physical location, settlement and resettlement of industrial and manufacturing enterprises within the physical boundaries of any municipality, the registered voters of that municipality may, by majority vote, authorize the issuance of notes or bonds in the name of the municipality for the purpose of purchasing land and interests therein or constructing buildings for industrial use, to be leased or sold by the municipality to any responsible industrial firm or corporation.

 Seven years later, Governor Longley formed a board composed exclusively of the heads of the largest industries in the state, commissioned with leading the Legislature. in establishing a centrally managed economy, the opposite of the free enterprise system.

The board created a report, which is available on request from the Maine Legislative Library. Governor's Task Force for Economic Redevelopment, Recommended Legislation for an Economic Development Program -110th Congress, calls for the elimination of local referendums on municipal bond issues with precise language:

2: eliminate the requirement for a local referendum on municipal bond issues.

 Since the board was working under Governor Longley and advising the Maine Legislature, this constitutes an attempt by the government of Maine to undermine the Maine Constitution. Central management of Maine has expanded ever since, aided by every administration and every legislative body. All have accepted without contest that a free enterprise economy can be switched out with a centrally managed economy by the mere act of legislative deeming.

The proponents of the command economy have not succeeded in eliminating the municipal referendum on public bonds, but they have succeeded in creating a state largely governed by boards, an opaque form of government. evident in the fact that the identity of the members of planning committee for a municipality is hidden from public knowledge, and the means of appointing such a committee not publicized. If one were interested in serving on one’s local planning committee, there is no clearly identified path to pursue such an objective, that I have yet been able to discover. You might say it is all decided behind closed doors by the Maine Round Table.

The only input that the inhabitants of the municipality may have in the planning of the growth of their own municipality is in voting for their selectmen who may (or may not) be granted a position on the planning committee

 Policy should be separated from Growth Plan 

The act of embedding the planning program into the comprehensive plans creates legal ambiguity. The problems with legal ambiguity are discussed in Saint John’s Law Review:

 I. AMBIGUITY AND VAGUENESS ….. it can render illusory what the parties had thought to be a meeting of the minds, or it can be used by one of the parties to accomplish that after the fact. ( emphasis mine) REVISITING THE AMBIGUITY OF“AND” AND “OR” IN LEGAL DRAFTING KENNETH A. ADAMS† & ALAN S. KAYE†† Saint John's Law Review

The embedding of the implementation program into a Comprehensive Plan is like embedding statutes into state or national constitutions. To my layman’s educated understanding, Constitutions are meant to represents philosophy, principals and structure of government, and statutes or ordinances represent the governing policy which can be challenged by anyone for inconsistency with the stated philosophy, principals and defined structure of government. I submit that the mere embedding of the one into the other does not change the relationship between governing principals and governing policy.

For the purpose of my argument I am treating the comprehensive plan and the implementing program as separate pursuant to established federal and state constitutional law, and pursuant to the fact of the word “and” as used grammatically in Title 30-A:Part 2:Subpart 6-AChapter 187Article §4324 of the Maine Revised Statutes,

The Comprehensive Plan and the Implementing Program represent two separate functions: Pursuant to the zoning ordinances that I received from code officer, Jason Lorrain, the implementation of the code program is harmful to my own interests, including but not limited to prohibiting the quality of life provided by the traditional rural lifestyle of combining a business with a home, a tradition which my family pioneered on this peninsula when Andersen Design was established as Ceramics by Andersen on Southport Island in 1952.

If the Boothbay Town Report of 2017 is the comprehensive plan, the zoning ordinances sent to me on request, by Code Officer, Jason Lorrain, represent the implementation program for the principals laid out in the comprehensive plan. Code officer Lorrain sent me only the planning program, as separate from the comprehensive plan.

Upon reading the principals and philosophy of the comprehensive plan, which the implementation program is supposed to reflect, I submit that an implementation program does not need be harmful to my interests, even though what is in my interest is prohibited by the language found in the implementation program

 Title 30-A:Part 2:Subpart 4-AChapter 141 §3001 of the Maine Revised Statute. states that the ordinance power is to be liberally construed:

§3001. Ordinance power Any municipality, by the adoption, amendment or repeal of ordinances or bylaws, may exercise any power or function which the Legislature has power to confer upon it, which is not denied either expressly or by clear implication, and exercise any power or function granted to the municipality by the Constitution of Maine, general law or charter. [1987, c. 737, Pt. A, §2 (NEW); 1987, c. 737, Pt. C, §106 (NEW); 1989, c. 6, (AMD); 1989, c. 9, §2 (AMD); 1989, c. 104, Pt. C, §§8, 10 (AMD).]
1. Liberal construction. This section, being necessary for the welfare of the municipalities and their inhabitants, shall be liberally construed to effect its purposes. [ 1987, c. 737, Pt. A, §2 (NEW); 1987, c. 737, Pt. C, §106 (NEW); 1989, c. 6, (AMD); 1989, c. 9, §2 (AMD); 1989, c. 104, Pt. C, §§8, 10 (AMD) .]

Lack of Consistency between Constituting Principles and Enacted Policy.

On general legal principals, including common law, the implementation of policy should be consistent with the principals and philosophy contained in the comprehensive plan. This is affirmed in the purpose of the Comprehensive Plan of 2017 quoted below:

1.3 Purpose The purpose of this Ordinance is to ensure that the growth and use of the land and the resources of the Town of Boothbay are consistent with the Comprehensive Plan. {30-A §§ 4314(2)1 and 4352(2)}2 1 

In my analysis there is no consistency between the two. It appears that the implementation is operating on a separate agenda than the comprehensive plan. This raises questions pertaining to the consistency between committee members responsible for developing the plan and committee members who developed the implementation program. Although the planning board makes decisions which radically affects the lives and livelihood of the inhabitants of the municipality, information on the appointment and terms of the planning board is missing from Title 30-A: MUNICIPALITIES AND COUNTIES, or else only included if one chooses to interpret very generalized terms to include the planning board.

In instances where municipal officers are enumerated, the planning board and the planning committee are not included. In example:

 §2631. Town manager plan
1. Applicable laws. The form of government provided in this subchapter shall be known as the "town manager plan" and, together with general law not inconsistent, shall govern any town in which the voters have adopted this plan at a meeting held at least 90 days before the annual meeting. [ 1987, c. 737, Pt. A, §2 (NEW); 1987, c. 737, Pt. C, §106 (NEW); 1989, c. 6, (AMD); 1989, c. 9, §2 (AMD); 1989, c. 104, Pt. C, §§8, 10 (AMD) .] 2. Government. The government of each town under this subchapter shall consist of a town meeting, an elected board of selectmen, an elected school committee, an appointed town manager and any other officials and employees that may be appointed under this subchapter, general law or ordinance. Other town officials may be elected by ballot, including, but not limited to, moderator, assessors, overseers of the poor, clerk and treasurer. The election of officials at the last annual town meeting shall require that those town offices continue to be filled by election until the town designates otherwise. [ 1987, c. 737, Pt. A, §2 (NEW); 1987, c. 737, Pt. C, §106 (NEW); 1989, c. 6, (AMD); 1989, c. 9, §2 (AMD); 1989, c. 104, Pt. C, §§8, 10 (AMD) .]

Further examination of the municipal ordinances confirm that it is the view of the Maine Legislature that town planning boards are instruments of the state, appointed by state officials, or it's regional subsidiaries. It is tragic that our military bases which protected our nation from totalitarianism are now being used to entrench totalitarianism in economic development practices which mirror those of China. All three military bases have been chartered by special acts of legislation as “municipal corporations serving as instrument so the state’, which means central management, the foundation stone of totalitarianism, not to mention that it is a legally challenging claim, since the established purpose of municipal corporations are as a means by which a municipality can create a legal entity to conduct municipal affairs, not as instruments of the state. It is increasingly evident that the former military bases are not the only municipalities which the State claims as its own instrument. overriding the intention of the Home Rule Amendment.

The mystery over the parties responsible for the plan and the parties responsible for the ordinances 

The words “may develop any portion of an implementation program” implies, between the lines, that there are parties other than the municipal planning committee who may also develop any portion of the implementation program. Since the same condition, “any portion” does not apply to the comprehensive plan, it is implied by comparison that the planning committee is solely responsible for developing the comprehensive plan, it further supports that the implementation program and the comprehensive plan are separate. Since it is implied that the implementation program may be written by others than the planning committee, and since it is implied that the comprehensive plan is written exclusively by the planning committee, therefor, the implementation program ought not to be embedded in the comprehensive plan, suggesting, by inclusion, that it is the comprehensive plan, and not merely the implementing policy directed by the comprehensive plan.

Title 30-A:Part 2:Subpart 6-A Chapter 187 §4326 of the Maine Revised Statutes further clarifies that the comprehensive plan and the implement program are separate functions:

 §4326. Growth management program elements A growth management program must include at least a comprehensive plan, as described in subsections 1 to 4, and an implementation program as described in subsection 5. [2001, c. 578, §15 (AMD).] (emphasis mine

The State has aggressively inserted itself into municipal planning, by design, as documented many times over in the Maine statutes. The Boothbay Comprehensive Plan of 2015 included paragraphs taken word for word from the Industrial Partnerships Act of 2013, The two paragraphs which are directly inserted in the Boothbay Comprehensive Plan are concerned with businesses in the home. Although there may be some justifiable rational for Action B.2-3, Action B.2-4. is written in an ambiguous fashion as if to obscure the obvious, that its intent is to eliminate business in the home, a mainstay of the rural and designer-craftsmen quality lifestyle.

Boothbay Comprehensive Plan of 2015 pg 16 & 17
Identical to
Action , 2-3 * Action B,2-4
[ 2013, c. 368, Pt. FFFFF, §1 (NEW) .]

Action B.2-3. Revise the standards for more intensive “home businesses” that include activities that are carried on outside of a structure on a residential property or that generate noise or commercial traffic or similar impacts. These uses should be allowed through a planning board review process in which the owner of the home business must demonstrate that it will meet standards with objective criteria for minimizing the impacts on the adjacent neighborhood including providing appropriate buffering and maintaining the visual character of the roadscape.
Action B.2-4Explore creating a small business assistance program that would help growing businesses, including home businesses and home occupations, with financing and with locating in appropriate commercial/industrial districts when appropriate. (emphasis added)
[ 2013, c. 368, Pt. FFFFF, §1 (NEW) .]
Action B.2-3. Revise the standards for more intensive “home businesses” that include activities that are carried on outside of a structure on a residential property or that generate noise or commercial traffic or similar impacts. These uses should be allowed through a planning board review process in which the owner of the home business must demonstrate that it will meet standards with objective criteria for minimizing the impacts on the adjacent neighborhood including providing appropriate buffering and maintaining the visual character of the roadscape.
Action B.2-4. Explore creating a small business assistance program that would help growing businesses, including home businesses and home occupations, with financing and with locating in appropriate commercial/industrial districts when appropriate.
§3304. Industry partnerships B. Create an industry partnership to advise the collaborative, the State Workforce Investment Board established in section 2006 and the boards of the local workforce investment areas designated pursuant to the federal Workforce Investment Act of 1998, Public Law 105-220 on aligning state policies and leveraging resources across systems, including workforce development, education and economic development; [2013, c. 368, Pt. FFFFF, §1 (NEW).]

C. Include requirements that support industry partnerships in all relevant programs, grants and new initiatives; and [2013, c. 368, Pt. FFFFF, §1 (NEW).]D. Use industry partnerships as a connective framework across systems and programs when applying for federal and private funds. [2013, c. 368, Pt. FFFFF, §1 (NEW).] (emphasis added)

The above is (copied and pasted from statute including background color in this blog post but missing from its former location now, a common occurrence) . §3304. Industry partnerships B & C are included to show that the command economy can use redistributed public wealth to influence municipalities to forgo municipal Home Rule (1969) and instead co-ordinate with the centrally management, established by legislative decree in 1976.

An examination of the Industrial Partnerships Act established that “central management of the economy” means “central management of every aspect of society”. One can follow the money distributed as grants to municipalities to establish organizations of many different types, at every level of society which in exchange for the funding, implement the central management agenda as reflected in the words of C "Use industry partnerships as a connective framework across systems and programs when applying for federal and private funds:.These words were not found when I searched today through the Industrial Partnerships Act, which does not surprise me as sections of the statutes often go missing after I comment on my blog, another example being the findings statement for the Department of Economic and Community Development, also in the same blog post containing the now missing sections of Industrial Partnerships. The findings statement  had been there for over thirty years when I commented on its content, and was gone, replaced with nothing when I checked back a several months later. If one wants proof of this, in good faith both should still be available at the Maine Legislative Library. I would note the strange inclusion of "private funds". Is this a new function of centrally management- to even control access to private funds?

Missing Time Line in Comprehensive Plan 

The cover of the Town report states that the comprehensive plan was adopted in the year 2007 and has been amended 6 times since, providing only the years in which amendments were made but no further information about what changes were made and by whom.

Best Method of Insuring the “Widest Possible involvement”

The actual means of encouraging “the widest possible involvement” Is for towns to create their own charters, putting the inhabitants of the municipality in charge of their own development and able to clearly define all the functions left vague in the municipal ordinances written by our Legislature in the service of the centrally managed economy. Thanks to the Home Rule Amendment, the Maine Legislature has to include the procedure for establishing a Town Charter in Title 30

 §2102. Charter revisions, adoptions, procedure 1. Municipal officers. The municipal officers may determine that the revision of the municipal charter be considered or that adoption of a new municipal charter be considered and, by order, provide for the establishment of a charter commission to carry out that purpose as provided in this chapter. [ 1987, c. 737, Pt. A, §2 (NEW); 1987, c. 737, Pt. C, §106 (NEW); 1989, c. 6, (AMD); 1989, c. 9, §2 (AMD); 1989, c. 104, Pt. C, §§8, 10 (AMD) .]
2. Petition by voters. On the written petition of a number of voters equal to at least 20% of the number of votes cast in the municipality at the last gubernatorial election, but in no case less than 10, the municipal officers, by order, shall provide for the establishment of a charter commission for the revision of the municipal charter or the preparation of a new municipal charter as provided in this chapter. [ 1987, c. 737, Pt. A, §2 (NEW); 1987, c. 737, Pt. C, §106 (NEW); 1989, c. 6, (AMD); 1989, c. 9, §2 (AMD); 1989, c. 104, Pt. C, §§8, 10 (AMD) .]
This is a formal preliminary citizen’s request that the municipal officers adopt a new municipal charter to serve the interests of “the widest possible involvement” of the inhabitants of the municipality in the planning of their own future development.


My wild and crazy political drama story line is that all the towns in Maine create their own charters simultaneously, all at once. How can we sell this? Think of the media attention- think of the money it will bring in- that always works!

I decided to check for the findings statement of the Major Headquarters Business Expansion Act, also quoted in A Threat to Liberty and Democracy When Suburban Rules Oppress Rural Culture
- It too has gone missing from the Act!
§3305. Industry partnership grant program is still in the statutes. It would be very dysfunctional for Maine State Inc to delete this essential part of their wealth redistribution program.
§15302. Maine Technology Institute is still in the statutes.
However the link in my blog no longer connects to §15302. Maine Technology Institute. I have had this happen to links in my blog before. I saw there was a code which was not a link code, which I corrected. It might have been my mistake or not, but as of today it is functional,

Saturday, July 13, 2019

Maine State Inc Tries a Banana Republic Takeover of Central Maine Power

One of the first things a member of the Maine Legislature does is to take an oath to uphold the Maine Constitution. After that the Maine Constitution is out of sight, out of mind until it is needed to beat down an opposition policy. Some unconstitutional policies are not opposed by any side, Democrat, Republican or Independent. One such unconstitutional policy is the right of the Maine Legislature to charter corporations by special act of legislation, prohibited by the Maine Constitution in Article Iv, Part Third, Section 14.

Ever since Governor Longley and the 1976 Maine Legislature deemed the centrally managed economy and the public-private government into existence, every administration and Maine Legislature has been chartering corporations by special act of legislation, willy nilly. This is what I mean when I use the term Maine State Inc- specifically the network of corporations chartered by special act of legislation, which are in most cases public-private relationships.

The standard language used is to identify the newly formed corporation as "a body corporate and politic serving as an instrumentality of the state". Maybe the Maine Legislature thinks that a corporation is not a corporation if it is called a body corporate but the  Merriam Webster Dictionary makes the meaning perfectly clear:

body corporate
Definition of body corporateCORPORATIONFirst Known Use of body corporate15th century, in the meaning defined above 

The latest, currently being attempted addition, to the Maine State Inc corporate network, is a Maine Sate Inc electric utility monopoly, achieved by enacting a law forcing CMP to sell its company to Maine State Inc. This violates the Maine Constitution in a multitude of ways.

The bill is strategically titled,"An Act To Restore Local Ownership and Control of Maine's PowerDelivery Systems"

Local ownership implies local control, but in this case "local ownership" is used to signify state control over a publicly financed corporation. The newly proposed monopoly is referred to in the bill as "consumer-owned" which means paid for with a public debt at a suggested price of four billion dollars.

Conversations in social media project a "democratically governed consumer owned public utility" but there is no democratic governing proposed in the bill. The only public vote is pursuant to the Maine Constitution which imposes a bond spending limit of 2 million dollars. Any amount over that requires 2/3rds approval by the Maine Legislature and an approval by public referendum.

3. Cost of service. "Cost of service" means the total amount that must be collected by the authority to recover its costs but does not include any return on capital investment unless a return is required as security for debt service. 
4. Customer-owner. "Customer-owner" means a person to whom the authority provides electricity.

The proposed bill, "An Act To Restore Local Ownership and Control of Maine's Power Delivery Systems", does not include  public referendums in governing the state owned monopoly. The governing board will be  appointed solely by the Governor. The only role played by the Legislature is approving the Governors choice. The governance of the consumer owned utility is closer to an autocracy than a democracy.

The original unelected board created under Governor Longley for the purpose of establishing the centrally managed economy and the public-private state submitted a report which included only two objectives, one was to eliminate the public referendum on municipal bonds, which is not to be found in the latest special act of legislation proposed to charter a new state-run public utility corporate board.
1. Governance; board. The authority is created as a body corporate and politic and a public instrumentality of the State and is governed by the Maine Power Delivery Authority Board in accordance with this section.
Paragraph 1 of the proposed act is a violation of the Maine Constitution, Article IV , Part Third, Section 14, states:

Section 14.  Corporations, formed under general laws.  Corporations shall be formed under general laws, and shall not be created by special Acts of the Legislature, except for municipal purposes, and in cases where the objects of the corporation cannot otherwise be attained; and, however formed, they shall forever be subject to the general laws of the State.

"An Act To Restore Local Ownership and Control of Maine's PowerDelivery Systems" is a special act of legislation whose purpose is to form a corporation (body corporate). It is indisputable that the object of the corporation- Maine power delivery- can be attained otherwise, as is currently the case.

An instrumentality of the state does not serve a municipal purpose, it serves a state purpose. Central management is a state function, not a local function. The governor, the sole authority in appointing the governing board, serves a state purpose, not a municipal purpose.

The chartering of a state governed electricity corporation does not meet either of the exceptions to the Maine Constitution's prohibition against the Legislature chartering corporations by special acts of legislation.

The taking of private property does not rise to the level of "urgent need" and so the proposed bill violates Article 1, Declaration of Rights, Section 21 of the Maine Constitution:

Section 21.  Private property, when to be taken.  Private property shall not be taken for public uses without just compensation; nor unless the public exigencies require it.

Government seizure of private property, compensated or otherwise is a Banana Republic Tactic and will send a warning to any business considering locating in Maine. If the Maine Legislature can simply deem that CMP is forced to sell to the state, then what is next ?

It is worth considering the impact of a state controlled energy monopoly on the common practice implemented by the State of wheeling and dealing in corporate welfare to attract businesses to the state. If the state owns a monopoly on energy delivery will Maine taxpayers find themselves covering the cost of free electricity for global corporations as part of the Maine corporate welfare package?

Sunday, June 30, 2019

The Boothbay Political Gardens

Rugosa Rose iconic flower of simple beauty was proclaimed an invasive species by the government of Maine' in 2019
photography (c) Susan Mackenzie Andersen 2019

One would think that a photography page dedicated to images of Maine flowers would be non-political but one would think wrong. Gardens have become politically symbolic in  Boothby, used as the means to transform the Boothbay Peninsula's image, no longer that of a natural habitat and an unpretentious community, but instead the image of man's control over the world which only money can buy. The Boothbay Peninsula still has the magnificence of the relatively undisturbed nature in places like Ocean Point and Hendricks Head, but the entryway to our community and thus the first impression. is now designed to co-ordinate with the regimented landscaping of Paul Coulombe's country club. This is no coincidence because according to the Maine Department of Transportation public-private funding agreement, the private developer, in Boothbay's case, Mr Coulombe, gets to be in charge of the design of the public roadway. Thus a roundabout came to be situated in a formerly straight road in which the only pre-existing intersection was the entrance to Mr Coulombe's country club, an entry way which is depicted as having no traffic in the mockup designs for the new configuration. Corey Lane was rerouted to meet up with the main route at a point opposite the entrance for the country club, as if to give the impression that there was a great need for a round about in that particular stretch of a formerly straight road. Landscaping as extravagant as it is regimented was put into place redefining the image of the new Boothbay to be consistent with that of Mr Coulombe's Country Club and the Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens Incorporated. Current choice of the Lavender planting is appreciated as the natural organic beauty of the Lavender miraculously transcends the underlying rigidity of the formal gardenscaping which has made great strides in redefining the historical identity of the Boothbay Peninsula. One can view the foliage of the exuberant Lavender and imagine that one is driving through a natural field instead of a planned and cultivated formal garden. I submit that long tall Cosmos would also work as a mediating factor in the public landscaping.

The Rugosa Rose is like an endless evolving sculpture that twists and turns itself into many unexpected forms. As long as it is blooming, I cannot stop photographing it.

Conversational references to Boothbay on social media is dominated by the Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens, which is no surprise since a corporation so well funded with redistributed wealth has the means to advertise, while our traditional regional draws like the unparalleled Ocean Point do not. Over the years I have seen images identified as having been taken at the Boothbay Botanical Gardens on a Facebook page for photography of Maine Flowers. Recently there was an image posted of an exotic flower imported into our local ecosystem by the Gardens. This flower could not have been named more perfectly for the cultural and political discussion it generated. It is called Imperial, relating in meaning to that of imperialism.

Fritillaria imperialis (crown imperialimperial fritillary or Kaiser's crown) is a species of flowering plant in the lily family, native to a wide stretch from Kurdistan across the plateau of Turkey Iraq and Iran to AfghanistanPakistanand the Himalayan foothills. It is also widely cultivated as an ornamental and reportedly naturalized in AustriaSicily, and Washington State. The common names and also the epithet "imperialis", literally "of the emperor", refer to the large circle of golden flowers, reminiscent of an emperor's crown.   Wikipedia 
Definition of imperialism 
1 : imperial government, authority, or system
2 : the policy, practice, or advocacy of extending the power and dominion of a nation especially by direct territorial acquisitions or by gaining indirect control over the political or economic life of other areas
broadly : the extension or imposition of power, authority, or influence  Miriam Webster
My reader might say' "what a stretch! to relate the name of a flower to a political meaning!". In justification, I commented that it was a beautiful photograph but not a Maine flower and instigated a ruckus in which I was accused of being anti-immigrant by questioning the practice by Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens of introducing exotic species into our local environment. Sentiments flowed profusely as the undertone of the conversation was unleashed by my comment. We are in the midst of a War of the Flowers.
An independently spirited Sculpture in Motion
Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens is the leading symbol of wealth and power in more than just looks. The Gardens has earned its reputation of dealing with environmental regulations through the power of a purse overflowing with redistributed wealth.

Abundant funding bought the legal might to build a parking lot in the water shed, after the Gardens lost the argument with the town ordinances, an argument which relied on defining the Gardens as a school, and not a museum. If the Gardens is not a museum, why then is it  introducing exotic plant species into our natural habitat?  The idea of it is not only environmentally dangerous but symbolic of the long historical cultural divide which has defined the Boothbay Peninsula for as long as I can remember.

The political undertone in a Facebook group dedicated to photographing Maine Flowers has been percolating for quite some time. It was evident when I posted a picture of a field of purple Loosestrife. Comments were made implicating myself as an irresponsible person, noncompliant with Maine environmental proclamations, although it was not my field. I do not know why purple loosestrife is planted there but It has not strayed onto other properties. The reason for concern about purple loosestrife is due to its crowding out other wild life species in the wetlands, but there may have been a reason why the purple loosestrife was planted due to particular environmental conditions at that location. I remember there was the intention to plant a field of wild flowers by the late artist who owned the property. Sometimes, what is detrimental for one purpose is advantageous for another. Honeysuckle trees are said to be an invasive species and yet in some states one is not allowed to interfere with them in a wetland.
photography (c) Susan Mackenzie Andersen 2019

I was reprimanded for posting a photograph of a neighbor's field. Was it really about an evasive species - or was it about landscaping that encourages the natural meandering habits of nature uncontrolled by man? Is there a mission by Maine's increasingly centralized government to ban nature's tendency to meander in a lyracle rather than an orderly manner? The Legislature may have access to qualified research but there are historical examples in which the Legislature simply ignores the research in order to do what it wants to do as a foregone conclusion.

The Rugosa Rose is classified as "very evasive" by The Maine Legislature circa 2019:

Rugosa Rose

(Beach rose)

Rosa rugosa

2019 Status in Maine: Widespread. Very Invasive.

The Rugosa Rose has been growing in Maine for as long as I remember.  It grows at the beach but not aggressively. It expands over time but not rapidly. If I want to establish a healthy clump of Rugosa Roses in a garden, I will require patience. If I want to get rid of it, there is an old tech invention called a shovel which will do the job.

In another recent post, a picture of the common ground cover, Mound of Gold was posted, asking how to get rid of it. The conversation veered into claims that the Maine Legislature had declared Mound of Gold to be toxic to live stock and had declared it to be an invasive species. One of the posters asked if I wasn't pleased that the Maine Legislature was looking after us. To which I responded that to my knowledge Mound of Gold is not a wild flower but a cultivated one. I have never seen live stock wandering in our streets and that I think farmers are better at making the  decision about what to feed live stock than the Maine Legislature. Later I concluded that the comment was just spreading fake news as I did not find Mound of Gold listed on the Maine invasive species list.

Mound of Gold is in the right corner. I confess to have made the first offense in the War of the Flowers when I posted a comment that my gardens, removed by a flipper, would be replaced with a designer gardens.
photography (c) Susan Mackenzie Andersen 2015
As the conversation progressed it became increasingly about the cultural divide which has always been a part of our region. No one responded to or acknowledged the environmental issue of  introducing exotic plants into our local ecosystem. The conversation was about the Botanical Gardens as a symbol of the new Boothbay. Someone said "Oh no! Not one of those anti-Botanical Gardens people, as if questioning the activities of Botanical Gardens Inc makes one a social pariah implying that the Gardens, symbol of wealth and high culture, can do no wrong as if it were a sacred religion. Questioning the act of introducing foreign plant species into the Boothbay Region was equated with being against immigration and new comers to the region. I said that attitude you encounter exists because the new comers so often show no regard for the existing culture. If questioning the Gardens for introducing exotic flora is equitable to the cultural divide between the population with long roots in the peninsula and the new arrivals, then my point was made when I was told that if I didn't like exotic plants from foreign parts of the world being posted as Maine flowers I had one choice, I could leave the group! I opted for a less drastic option by blocking the person who made the offending suggestion.
A Day in the Life of a Rose
Finally the person who had posted the imperial flower commented. She could see she didn't belong here, she said, and so she was leaving. The photo of the foreign flower was her first post, for which she saw no reason to apologize for posting as her first contribution to a Maine Flowers photography group, a flower from a distant part of the world. With transparent condescension, she parted with a decree that we should all be peaceful. The defenders of the Gardens said we should apologize to the new arrival, underscoring that none of the Garden's ardent defenders thought that a long standing member of the group was due an apology for being invited to leave if not accepting as an authentic Maine flower, foreign flora introduced into our local ecology by an attractive and menacing corporation.

Why menacing? Because the Gardens has dealt with environmental regulations with money and protestations that it was really nothing. Based on that record, why should we trust Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens Inc, with safely introducing foreign species into our local environment?

The administrator of the group handles the rukus gracefully, saying it was acceptable to post some images of flowers not local to Maine but it was best to stay on the subject to which the group is dedicated.

Wednesday, June 19, 2019

Comment Deleted from Boothbay Register Topic: Towns discuss JEDC, collaboration

Vintage 1950's decanters designed in form and glaze by Weston Neil Andersen 

The Comment presented further down, has been deleted twice from the Boothbay Register Discussion about the JECD, It is my view of the JECD that it is just an arm of Maine central management of our economy which operates in the "high value industry" paradigm, which Senator Rubio discusses in his report,  American Investment in the 21st Century. I was already aware that some industries are targeted and subsidized by central management and other industries devalued from my research on the Maine economic development statutes, incrementally put into place since the Longley administration

Go to Report
In my opinion it would be good thing for the Boothbay Peninsula if there were a place for the small entrepreneurial community to connect but currently I have not found that to be so. Therefore, I introduced my own economic development vision to the larger community in this post (below), which was deleted twice by the Boothbay Register by being marked as spam in Disqus.
Go to Article

I started this blog around 2007 because I observed an absence in the Maine media of alternative voices to central management.  Central management of Maine's economy was deemed into existence by Governor Longley's unelected board, in the 1970's. Maine's fastest growing sector was then small businesses employing up to 100 people, and Maine was leading the nation in that sector. The excuse for creating a centrally managed economy was that small business have a much harder time finding capital that larger ones and so the Maine government would come to their aid. Instead the small businesses have been marginalized or used to subsidize "high value industry" in the model of China, which Rubio presents in his report, Made in China 2005 and the Future of American Business.

Go to Report

As Senator Rubio reports, the profit motivation has become so extreme in macro economy economics that American businesses are scaling back investments in growing and building businesses, including investing in research, to pursue wealth as pure wealth in the form of financial assets. This is a problem in contemporary American culture. The designer-craftsmen industry is value centered on the work process, a value which has gone missing in the macro-economy system based on the "low-value-high value industry paradigm, with value treated solely as a monetary measure. The designer-craftsmen industry can play a significant role in bringing back the value of the work process in American and global culture The low-value-high value industry paradigm is a global phenomenon. which marginalizes every value except profit where ever it is prioritized.

Andersen Design is a brand, uniquely situated, because of our history, to represent the intrinsic value of the work process in the same way that the Trump brand represents the wealth culture.

One of a Kind Vintage Pitcher, designed and hand crafted by Weston Neil Andersen in the late forties or early fifties as part of his concept for the original line of functional forms which launched Andersen Design, then known as Ceramics by Andersen. This pitcher and other rare vintage Andersen objects are available for sale HERE
Recognizing that we now live in a wealth redistribution economy, I approached a New York Arts fiscal sponsor for fiscal sponsorship of our production. Fiscal sponsorship allows an organization which does not have non-profit status to apply for grants from foundations and other non-profit funding, but does not make the organization tax exempt. Translating that into the local dialogue, fiscal sponsorship would allow Andersen Design to fund a fiscally sponsored project with grants but it would not be property tax exempt, and so this would be a plus for the local economy in all ways.

It was the word "production, used on our application, which sent the board into a tizzy. The use of the word, "production", was specifically stated as the reason we were rejected. The board suggested that Andersen Design change its historical mission and apply again as a school or a museum. As a school we would be prohibited from teaching what we know and love or selling any of the student work as other local non-profits are known to do. Since selling the student work would help to support the school, it touches on the real reason our application was rejected. The application asked for figures, which I took from our business plan, based on my Dad's parameters of operations, a system of ratios. I used an amount that would fund our business at the scale appropriate for a company with over 200 market proven designs in its inventory. The figures projected that if we started with an operating grant scaled to the size of our assets, we would make most of it back in the first year of operations.

When I re-read the application instructions, I realized my mistake. The guidelines instruct that applications showing no profit or a loss are preferred. I reapplied as a Museum showing a significant loss in the figures. At that point the museum was a Museum of Andersen Design, only, a company which grew itself from the roots up in the free enterprise economy, using production as its method of growth. The application as a Museum of Andersen Design was readily accepted. Soon afterwards, I reconfigured the concept as the Andersen Designer Museum of American Designer Craftsmen. When I approached the JECD looking for support, Wendy Wolf told me that the JECD can't do anything to help individual businesses, which she was actively doing in the form of supporting the Botanical Gardens and the dining and entertainment industries in Boothbay Harbor.

The Museum is still a viable concept but it needs local support, which has not materialized.(inquiries welcome). The Museum combined with the network of small independently owned slip casting studios, would create a viable cultural focus capable of drawing new younger entrepreneurial residents and visitors and shoppers of all ages to the Peninsula. The Andersen Design brand and extensive product line are assets with a potential to bring new creative work opportunities to the area. The vision I have in my mind is a viable business incubator, but not in a sector designated as having the "high value" pursued by central management. However I submit that the "low-value, high value industrial paradigm is seriously flawed.

At first I did not know what to make of it when my blog post "What Difference A Curve Makes" was shared on Facebook by a college professor at an art school in Indonesia. In terms of globalism I might be worried that our designs will be copied and reproduced in low cost labor markets. However my post text is about the humanistic value of the work process as found in the art of making ceramics. This is a value which is important everywhere. The old economic paradigms which locates high value industries in developed nations and low valued industries in emerging nations is rapidly evolving. It would be much better for society if the value of all work, as a process which enriches life, is raised. I have seen some products sold as "authentic' crafts from emerging nations which are souless commercial products. People making crafts everywhere should be engaged in a highly valued work process. Andersen Design established that this need not be limited solely to the high end of the art market. Andersen Design established production as an artform in 1952, when its purpose was stated to be to "create a hand crafted product affordable to the middle classes". The collectors of Andersen took to referring to the product produced in our "factory" as "art".

Andersen Design is a unique American company which took the road less travelled when we did not move our production overseas and yet we were able to compete successfully in a market filled with products produced in low cost global labor markets. Our line is classic, with marketability which has remained consistent through decades and has both national and international appeal.

DELETED COMMENT from Boothbay Register discussion: Towns discuss JEDC, collaboration
Extension of shoulder season with Boothbay Lights benefited Boothbay Harbor dining, entertainment and bed and breakfast industry. There was no benefit for Boothbay although Boothbay also funded it. Well- not quite none, it also served as an advertising campaign for the super-funded Botanical Gardens.
Broadband has a lot of issues with G5 technology, which I won’t get into here and say instead that no one has ever said why we need this. I am not saying that we don’t but the whole idea seems to be resting on an assumption that we do need it, which has never been articulated, to my knowledge. Since I once was trying to get some information out of Wendy Wolf and was directed to go look it up myself on the town website, I discovered that the plans for broadband were in place at the town office, long before the publicly organized discussions about it ever occurred. I would like a clear answer on why we need it and if there has been serious consideration of the environmental issues with G5 technology and assurance the technology, if installed, will not be made in China.
Housing is being conceived as an upstairs downstairs community with the “workers” and middle income people living in modular housing, and ordinances in place to restrict businesses in the home. Home businesses are fundamental to designer-crafts persons and or artists, be they in maritime industries, farmers, or other. I was recently told by a former member of the planning board that “You can have a gallery in your home in Boothbay, but you can’t show anyone else’s work and you can’t hire anyone to make your work” In other words you can’t grow. I am not sure that he was up to date on “you can have a gallery in your home”, pursuant to recent articles in this newspaper. Since we have both a housing shortage and an age issue, maybe we should be rethinking the regulations suppressing independent business in the home?
East side zoning changes and expansion of public access, footbridge work are specific to Boothbay Harbor.
Historic buildings are being bulldozed over to make room for the new developer’s. The former home of Andersen Design was one of the oldest buildings in East Boothbay, is an iconic example. Andersen Design was one of the first businesses in the home on the Boothbay Peninsula, first situated in a wooden barn built with pegs in the 1800’s which was also bulldozed over after we left. The economic development leaders of our community need to read some of the history books of this region such as the Jim Harnedy series which features Andersen Design. The help we have received from this community is phenomenal, but all has come from outside of our community leaders.

“Sites inventory” is unexplained. Andersen Design needs a site for a training capacity I have long had a vision of producing our line of over two hundred classic and market proved ceramic slip-cast designs in a network of small independently owned slip-casting studios. I do not know of any other American company which has these kinds of assets to pull off such a vision. Andersen Design is unique in that capacity in America and the world. My father was an economic development thinker before that term was popular, studying industrial design at Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, New York. Industrial Design is economic development. My original vision was to locate studios in low income, high unemployment areas, but I look at my hometown with all its problems and I see another vision for how such a designer craftsmen network could impact every single one of the problems this town faces. But I can’t do it alone. It takes a village. However, in my experience, the JECD is not an economic development resource available equally to all, but run as a top down organization, which has no understanding of growing anything from the roots up.

Wednesday, June 12, 2019

Is Following Your Passion Politically Incorrect in the 21st Century?

The Great Seal" by Hammer51012 is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

 As of late, I have been wondering whatever became of the cultural narrative which used to be a mainstay of American literature and media. I am talking about the storyline where in the protagonist wrestles with the choice between pursuing a career he or she loves or prioritizing  money and job security, with the latter usually advocated by a parent and institutions. As societies across the globe move toward centrally managed economies, the individual loses ground to the collective good, The individual must be corralled by central management to serve the purpose of central management. Passion is a wild card which might lead the individual to create his own path, offering one explanation why the "Follow your Passion" narrative is receding into the dustbin of cultural history as economies, and thus culture, falls under the sway of central management.

My search for the narrative, brought up a slew of articles written to dissuade the reader from following his passion. One, published in Forbes Magazine, in 2018, is titled "Following Your Passion' Is Dead - Here's What To Replace It With" authored by Michal Bohanes, who positions himself as writing about start ups and entrepreneurship in Europe. Mr Bohanes writes that "following your passion presupposes that you have one, but many people don't", adding to the business media's portrait of the masses, as expressed in the Business Insider article, Why Socialist Scandinavia Has Some Of The Highest Inequality In Europe, by Mike Bird. Mr Bird explains the great wealth gap in the Scandinavian countries by stating that the masses don't need to own property (or to pursue entrepreneurial opportunities) because they are so well kept by the state. Mr Bohane's article in Forbes is based on a Stanford University Research Paper, given greater authority by citing laboratory studies. Mr Bohanes identifies "passion" as everything from a fixed mind set, a mystical state, and short-term emotional comfort, in a theory which comes across as advice to public institutions on how to raise children.

In the narratives of the past, entrepreneurial genius was driven by lone individuals with a passion that wouldn't die, but in the twenty-first century, it is coming to be that entrepreneurial opportunity is reserved for large scale investments in "high value" industries" which create "quality jobs", all of which is measured materialistically. A "quality job" is one that pays higher than average wages and benefits. Period. The idea that one's life work could impart meaning to one's life does not compute into the algorithm for world dominance by authoritarian cultures. Is it any wonder that we have reached the point in the USA wherein the private side of the macro-economy is scaling back investments in building non-financial businesses in order to scale up investments in financial assets, which are only wealth accumulation, while China prioritizes production as it passes by the USA on its way to becoming the world's leader in 'high value industry".

Go to Report

I became involved in this quest for the fate of a by gone narrative in response to reading Senator Rubio's report, American Investment in the 21st Century, which identifies a shift in the macroeconomic purpose of American business as reflected by the evolving nature of corporate investments, from investing in building a (non-financial) business to investing in financial assets, following the popular adage "let your money do the work" rather than engaging in the work process at the root of wealth creation. This change describes America's contemporary national character, from a nation where anyone can pull themselves up by their bootstraps and follow one's dream to a country which seeks to concentrate wealth and opportunity at the top and where states compete with each other for high value industries, This leads Rubio to conclude that " The critical policy consideration, then, is not whether states should organize their economies, but how they should be organized", adding that even for a state to chose not to play a central role in organizing the economy is an organizational choice.

Rubio's conclusion is echoed in mid-seventies history when an unelected board, was installed by Maine's Governor Longley to "lead the Legislature", and, openly plotted against Maine's Constitution, when it stated in its report that one of two missions was to "eliminate the requirement for a local referendum on municipal bond issues". This requirement had been constitutionally established only seven years earlier when Maine became a Home Rule State. The Maine Legislature followed through on the board's mission and deemed that "centrally managing the economy is an essential government function". It was then reasoned that central management had to be achieved through public private relationships, a foregone conclusion since Longley's unelected board, composed of the heads of Maine's wealthiest industries, was already in a leadership position driving the Maine Legislature to make its declaration, transforming Maine's Constitutional government and free enterprise system into a centrally managed, government, organized from the top down.

Karl Marx framed the economic system of the American political ideology as capitalism, rather than the more appropriate terms, free enterprise and private capitalism. Since Marx was an atheist, the material world was all there was and so in branding the American economic system as "capitalism", Marx at once branded the whole of the American political philosophy as "capitalism", when in fact private capitalism and free enterprise are emergent from the philosophical basis of the American Constitution premised on the existence of natural rights of the individual. One can follow the emergence of the American economic system from the principle of protecting individualism in Madison's thought process, when Madison states in Federalist Paper #10, that 'The protection of the faculties of man is the first object of government.'

....As long as the reason of man continues fallible, and he is at liberty to exercise it, different opinions will be formed. As long as the connection subsists between his reason and his self-love, his opinions and his passions will have a reciprocal influence on each other; and the former will be objects to which the latter will attach themselves. The diversity in the faculties of men, from which the rights of property originate, is not less an insuperable obstacle to a uniformity of interests. The protection of these faculties is the first object of government. From the protection of different and unequal faculties of acquiring property, the possession of different degrees and kinds of property immediately results; and from the influence of these on the sentiments and views of the respective proprietors, ensues a division of the society into different interests and parties. James Madison, Federalist Paper #10

Contemporary definitions for capitalism define capitalism as private or free enterprise and define a government controlled and or government owned enterprise as state capitalism, Following the logical framework of sets and subsets, it is more appropriate to define capitalism as the concentration and redistribution of capital and both state and private capitalism as subsets of capitalism, and yet "capitalism" continues to be used as a term identifying the American free enterprise system even as American free enterprise has been progressively evolving toward state capitalism. Centrally managed economies are antithetical to free enterprise, reversing the roles of the state and the people. In a free enterprise economy, the state serves the people, while in a centrally managed economy the people serve the state, the latter leading increasingly down the path toward totalitarianism and the former emergent from the foundational basis of the American political philosophy, based in individual liberty. By equating "capitalism" with "free enterprise" and used popularly as a term of demonization, the sins of all forms of capitalism are attributed to the free enterprise system, even as the free enterprise system is overtaken by what is copacetically referred to as public-private relationships, veiling the establishment of oligarchies and/or centrally managed economies.

Rubio's new report, Made in China, 2025, and the Future of American Business. is addressing the ambitions of China, and how that will affect the United State's economy, noting that " National priorities exist prior to international law", in regards to China's engagement in international trade. Scaling the relationship of global to national down to the most local center, the individual, it is always true that individual priorities exist prior to those of central management. America's free enterprise system is emergent from the premise that the object of government is to protect the liberty of the individual. The founders of the United States of America acknowledged an inherent wisdom in the wholeness of everything which transcends that of man. The Preamble of the Maine Constitution takes it even further with the words, "acknowledging with grateful hearts the goodness of the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe in affording us an opportunity, so favorable to the design; and, imploring God's aid and direction in its accomplishment".

Objects of government.  We the people of Maine, in order to establish justice, insure tranquility, provide for our mutual defense, promote our common welfare, and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of liberty, acknowledging with grateful hearts the goodness of the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe in affording us an opportunity, so favorable to the design; and, imploring God's aid and direction in its accomplishment, do agree to form ourselves into a free and independent State, by the style and title of the State of Maine and do ordain and establish the following Constitution for the government of the same.
Rubio has often said that America was founded on spiritual principles. Such principles reside in the work process itself, aptly expressed by ancient zen wisdom, "Before enlightenment, chop wood carry water, After enlightenment, chop wood carry water". Needless to say, chopping wood and carrying water is nowhere to be found in the high valued end of  the modern job chain, and therein lies one of our great contemporary mistakes. The high valued job chain is ordered by the state by the measure of profitability. Is it any wonder that the so-called advanced civilizations are dropping the work oriented part of organizational goals and moving into the rarefied realm of pure wealth accumulation, as reported by Senator Rubio in American Investment in the 21st Century

In the mid-twentieth century, America had an abundant, thriving middle class, whose cultural foundation rested on a belief that a meaningful life is realized through love and work. In the twenty first century, the middle class has been spiraling downward since the 1970's, The measure of value, once held by engagement in the work process, has been replaced with money and materiality, witnessed in the increasing acceptance of socialism in America.  It is no longer the first object of government to protect the faculties of man, it is now to provide the masses with all of their material needs. Work is not socially valued as a meaningful activity, enriching one's mental and spiritual experience of life, but merely for the material well being it imparts. Contrarily, "production" has become a dirty word in America, said to be motivated by profit and nothing more, since most have not yet caught up to what Rubio reports in American Investment in the 21st Century, that corporate America is no longer as interested in investing in production and research as it once was and now favors letting accumulated wealth accumulate more accumulated wealth. Corporate America is even dropping investments in research from its portfolio for being too uncertain and too much of a long term goal to satisfy the demands of its governing policy, identified as shareholder primacy in Senator Rubio's report.

Meanwhile, China triumphs production and research as necessary for its growth and success. Rubio's report on China extensively covers industries targeted by China including the information technology, While American companies are withdrawing investments from research in favor of financial assets, China is heavily investing in research in undeveloped areas of technology:
The goals of MIC2025 also extend into technologies which are not yet commercially viable. China’s heavy investment in artificial intelligence (AI) and quantum computing make the point clearly. China’s AI industry has grown 67 percent over the past year and produced more patents and research papers than its U.S. counterparts. By one estimate, China currently has more than 30 times more capital invested in quantum research than the U.S. Like in robotics, China has sunk considerable physical capital into this project, building a $10 billion National Laboratory for Quantum Information Sciences, set open in 2020. The sum of these efforts contrasts with a total U.S. investment of about $200 million a year into quantum research. 
Senator Rubio reports that China’s technology companies are increasingly being required to establish Chinese Communist Party groups and that "China’s authorities have contemplated taking ownership stakes in private technology firms, with board seats and direct Communist Party input into firm management.The distinction between China’s state-owned enterprises and its ostensibly private sector technology champion firms is increasingly blurry. In these ways and more, China’s government utilizes the technology sector as an arm of the state’s national apparatus."
“We're entering an era in which we'll be fused together. It might be that there will be a request to establish a Party committee within your company, or that you should let state investors take a stake, you know, as a form of mixed ownership. If you think clearly about this, you really can resonate together with the state. You can receive massive support. But if it's your nature to want to go your own way, to think that your interests differ from what the state is advocating, then you'll probably find that things are painful, more painful than in the past.” reported to have been expressed by Wang Xiaochuan, the CEO of a Chinese search engine company.Made in China, 2025, and the Future of American Business. pg 39
In American the pressure to go along with the program is done with a softer nudge. Is it a coincidence or planned that googling "follow your passion" produces nine first page results, of which six are declaring that following your passion is bad advice? The meaning of the phrase "follow your passion" is nebulous but fundamentally following your passion engages self-determination- deciding for one's self, based on individualized measures of value. When America had a strong middle class this meant balancing work and family and money. One did not need to measure oneself by others. One was wealthy if one could satisfy all the meaningful needs of one's own values. Material values were balanced with other kinds of values. The was no one right way, just many different ways all composing an interactive whole, imploring God's aid and direction in its accomplishment".